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Although he is one of the most recognisable Egyptian pharaohs, Tutankhamun lived a fairly ordinary life. He ruled from age nine to about age 19, the presence of wisdom teeth and the development of his skeleton, revealed his age of his death to be about 19.

When his (thought to be) father, Amenhotep then Akhenaten, died he took over as Pharoh. He and the royal vizier Ay ruled Egypt from the capital, Thebes. Throughout his reign, Tut managed to undo his father’s work which was what the people wanted. His father tried to, and unsuccessfully, switch Egypt from polytheism to monotheism. Monotheism is the worship of one god, whereas polytheism is the worship of many.

His father tried to, and unsuccessfully, switch Egypt from polytheism to monotheism. Monotheism is the worship of one god, whereas polytheism is the worship of many. Akhenaten wanted to worship only Aten, the sun disk, thought to be the creator of all. Tut reappointed all the gods, which pleased the people.

Tutankhamun’s birth name was Tutenkhaten but later changed it to appease the gods. He was married to his sister Ankenpaaten, later Ankhesenamun. She had many issues with fertility and miscarried many times. By the time Tut died, they had no living heir and so the throne was passed on to someone else.

It was suspected that he was murdered as an X-ray in 1968 showed a bone fragment had been displaced and lodged further into his skull. The cause of it was thought to be a blow to the head.

A later CT scan in 2005 revealed that it was done at the time of his embalming (mummification) and that he may have instead died of malaria that had infected his brain, or that it might have been from an infected broken thigh (just above the knee).

The CT scan also revealed that he was around 5ft6in or 167cm or so tall with a slight build and that, he had no cavities in his body or teeth. He appeared to be in excellent health, especially for the time as there were many diseases travelling around.A slight curvature of the spine was also detected and is attributed to being misaligned during mummification, rather than a genetic defect.

A slight curvature of the spine was also detected and is attributed to being misaligned during mummification, rather than a genetic defect.He had a club foot which forced him to walk with a cane, which was found with him in his tomb. He also had a cleft palate.

Another theory about his death is that he died from an injury in a chariot crash, which may have resulted in his broken leg, but if his club foot was serious enough he wouldn’t have been able to ride a chariot, or take part in battle.

(Credit: NatGeo Education Blog)

(Left: the CT scan of Tut’s body. Top right: Tut’s mummified skull. Bottom right: A computerised image of what Tutankhamun might have looked like. )

His work to repair his father’s damage to the temples of other gods and goddesses is quite a significant part of his rule. He also finished building the second pair of red granite lions at Soleb. They are now Sudan’s greatest Egyptian ruins.

When he died his vizier Ay took over and had Tutankhamun buried in a lesser tomb, one no befitting a Pharoh, hence why he wasn’t found for almost two thousand years.

 

 

 

 

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